Gondar,important places to discover-Stay to visit Gonder,the ancient capital city of Ethiopia in the 16th century.

The city lies on a flat ridge of mountains located between the Angareb and Qaha Rivers valleys and includes peaks up to 3,000 m above sea level, which decline South wards to Lake Tana. At a distance by air of about 30 km. its position makes the city a strategic and healthy place.Not affected by malaria. Emperor Fasiladas certainly took that fact in to account when   he decided to establish this new capital .He was the first to build his palace here, followed by his successors in the 17th and 18th centuries. The outcome is an extraordinary historic complex that, since then, has been enchanting travelers and visitors with its fabulous beauty and the UNESCO included in the world Heritage List in 1979.

The Name

The Name Gondar would come from guang dara, aworkd that in the language of the Kemant-an Agaw community living north of Lake Tana and west of Takaze River-means’ between two rivers’,the Angareb and Qaha in another story of the name, Gonder originates from the Amharic expression bagon adar, ‘one should reside beside the other’. The sentence pronounces by the community elders to settle a dispute between Wayne and Sayne.

Climate

Gondar’s climate is conditioned by its 2,200 m altitude, with monthly average temperatures that rarely exceed 22 degrees Celsius during the hottest Season of the year, which is between March-May. The main rainy Season is between June and September, with peak rainfall in July and August. The latter are also the coldest months of the year, with averge temperatures around 16 degrees Celsius.

Castle of Fasiladas

This outstanding testimony of 17th and 18th century Ethiopian history was the residence of the founder of Gondar. Emperor fasiladas and his successors .It ranks first among the most important sites of region for the impressiveness of its imperial architecture, which was include in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1979.. With official name of fasil Ghebbi.

On site

The royal compound in enclosed by stone wall over 870 m long, only part of which is original. The twelve doors opening in to were given evocative names and were sometimes changed during the century. The enclosure designates the compound in the 18th century royal chronicles. The building of defensive enclosure world have started under Emperor Fasiladas and taken the present configuration during the reign of Emperor Iyasu II. Big stone crosses once stood on the top of the towers adjacent to the wall, as reported by French doctor Jacques poncet , who visited the site in 1699,Bruce, in the second half of the 18th century, highlights the fact that compound was encompassed by a substantial stone wall thirty feet high, with battlements up on the outer wall, and a parapet roof   between the outer and inner’ which made the top of the wall, accessible, thus allowing him to ‘go along the whole and look in the street ‘ A walkable tract of the wall between the places of Mentewab and house of the Chief of the Cavalry remains at the northern end of the compound,

History

An ancient royal chronicle of the reign of Fasildas says that the emperor ordered the building of this castle in 1635-36 at the beginning of his reign, which lasted from 1632 to 1667, just after he had chosen Gonder as the new capital of the empire. The construction works were completed at least by 1648, when the Yemenite ambassador Al-Hasan Ibn Ahmed Haymi entered the town and was impressed by what he described as a high building among the most wonderful of splendid construction and the most beautiful of glorious marvels built of stone and lime. The Castle of fasildas is with no doubt the most astonishing expression of Gondarine architectural style that, in fact, the visit to the Fasil Ghebbi continues beyond the Balderas ber exit, because it is only from the road outside the compound that the churches insides it can be reached.

Jan Tekel Addababay

A Perfect starting point for a visit to the southern quarters of the city, the area is located opposite the entrance to the fasil Ghebbi as well as what was once its main gate, the jan Tekel Ber. The square par excellence in Imperial Gonder, it is function as public garden ensures continuity with the past. This was also the place where religions functions and praying ceremonies were held, as, for instance, when a fragment of the Holy Wood of the Cross was exposed in the royal oratory tent pitched in the square in addition to the opportunity for a pleasant rest under the shadow of the historic tree.

Debra Berhan Selassie church

The magnificence of the paintings of what has been nick named the Sistine Chapel of Ethiopia makes visiting this church definitely w worthwhile cultural and visual experiences. One can admire the painted walls and also stand under the eyes of the cherubs starting from the famous ceiling, a particularly affecting experiences, given the special powers that Ethiopian tradition and art attribute to eyes. The church had stone walls so skillfully built that they looked like a dimond, 12 doors, and thatched roof surmounted by golden cross with seven spheres the size of an ostrich egg Most interestingly, we know from the same source that the church measured 100 cubits from east to west and from north to south, and it was circular in plan, not rectangular as the present building’s southern and northern sides are with the utmost probability, the external foundations of the original church.

Bath of fasilada

The places is traditionally associated with the name of Emperor Fasildas, though precise historical evidences of its establishment is lacking, we know for sure that it was already in existence in 1699, when the French doctor poncet described it as a palace near Gonder, where there is a magnificent water basn’ and where the emperor goes with all his court to celebrate Epiphany. The attribution to Fasiladas is plausible ,since already his father ,Emperor susenyos ,had a pavilion built at the center of a water pool in Ganata Iyasus ,near the present Azazo ,in 1625. The bath of Fasiladas pool in kept empty the year round ,except for the extraordinary joyful exception of timkat ,The Epiphany .During the 17th century, emperors came here to celebrate and that perhaps explains the building of this pavilion .one of the most important religious holidays in Ethiopia, Timkat commemorates the baptism of Christ in the Jordan River and is held on 11 Tire in the Ethiopian calendar , a date that time , the pool is filled with the water supplied by the nearly Qaha River. On the eve of the holyday, the tabots of seven Gondar churches are carried here in seven simultaneous procession, on top of priests heads. After they reach the pool, priests say prayer all night long to bless its water, into which the next morning the patriarch plunges a cross to baptize it, as Jesus was baptized in the Jordan. Blessed water is then sprayed on the worshippers, who can then touch the water and even jump into it. The tabots are brought back to their churches on the 2nd and 3rd day after the baptism of the cross. A replica of the palace stands in the Mostra D’Oltremare complex in Naples, Italy, since1940.

Qusquam  

Empress Mentewab founded this citadel in 1730s and made it an architectonic reflection of her famous beauty. She personally supervised the project design and chose many of the exquisite interior decoration of the buildings of this large complex which include the church of Dabra Tsahay (currently known also as Qusquam Maryam) a castle functioning as a residence,a sumptuous adderas or banqueting hall, The site is called after the Egyptian town of koskam ,where, according to Christian tradition,the Holy family rested during the flight into Egypt . Mentewab established Qusquam a few year after her husband, Emperor Bakaffa, had passed away in 1730 and the throne was given, the same year, to her 7-year old ,Iyasu II. It was only from June1771, however ,that the empress chose it as a permanent residence ,after the defeat of Ras Mikael had put an end to her short exile from Gondar .she made Qusquam the center of her political and religious power ,and the decisiveness and intimacy of her relationship with the place emerge from the beginning ,when she wanted her and her son’s graves to be built inside the church .she also wanted the site to be a stronghold, and for this purpose had it encircled by a big wall built with lime and provided with towers. The Scottish explorer James Bruce lived for some time at qusquam court in 1771 and tells us how lively the area was ,with the outer precinct ‘all occupied by soldiers, laborers ,and out –door servants’ ‘principal officers , priests ,and servants’ living in the church’s enclosure,’ ‘noble women ‘ sharing the empress’ premises, and ‘houses of people of quality ‘, usually member of the royal family , behind the place ,higher up the hill’ Qusquams decline began most probably after the death of empress Mentewab in the first half of the 1770s and was hastened by the pillage of the church’s treasure by the army of Emperor Tewodros IIin the 1860s. It was an already ruined landscape that the late -19th –century European travelers described after visiting the site. Nowadays, silence usually reigns in this almost –deserted place, except for the students of the local religious school living in the tiny huts scattered to the south of the external wall that is visible just before the entrance gate.

Wolleka –The Falasha village

The Name designates the Ethiopian Jews, who often reject the term ‘’Falasha” traditionally given to them by the Christians because if it’s pejorative meaning. The name is said to derive from the condition of exile caused by the deprivation of the right to inherit farming and during the reign of Emperor Yeshaq I( 1414-30) during the reign of Yohannes I. the jews were affected by the same discriminatory provision enacted against the Muslims. In fact when the Scottish explorer James Bruce arrived in Gonder in 1770, he found that their village were scattered in the town’s surrounding A mong those villages there most probably was wolleka.

Located about 4km north of the city center, on the road to semien mountains and Aksum, the village of wolleka owes its fame to the Ethiopian Jews-known as Falashas –but more correctly referred to as Beta Israel .The fame of the village remains today, but the Ethiopian Jews lift for Israel in 1991 and since then have been replaced by Christians. This was one of the several Beta Israel villages scattered around Gonder, because social and religious discrimination historically prevented the Jewish people from living in the city. The name walleka, in fact, derives from the Amharic wolek (to stay away), and local tradition says that such was the answer given by Emperor Fasiladas to the Jewish masons when, after completing the construction of his castle in Gondar, they asked him where they could settle. With the massive airlifts organized by the Israeli government during the 1984-85 drought and then in 1991, Wolleka dwellers left behind their rural houses, the graves of their ancestors, and a handicraft tradition that has pottery as its most famous output. Taking advantage of the local availability of clay soil, in fact, the local Christian dwellers have taken over the making of pots, bowls. Jars, candle holders, and figurines, all on display on stands and in workshops alone the road, together with textiles, calabash container, and baskets. Figurines are particularly noteworthy and have acquired increasing popularity outside Ethiopia .Despite their ancient –looking style, historians have found their origin in wolleka in the 1960s, when local Ethiopian Jewish women engaged themselves in the production of small clay dolls, initially modelled on pictures of prehistoric figurines or inspired by everyday life, and later depicting rabbis with scrolls, the lion of Judah, and other elements of the Ethiopian Jewish tradition.

Gorgora

This very Small and quiet lakeside town cannot compete with Bahirdar for importance or dimension but possesses a much more intimate appeal. Moreover. It is the natural gateway to northern coasts and islands of Lake Tana, places rich with art and history where Emperor Susenyos established his first capital, and magnificent churches were built between the 13th and 17th centuries. Despite its beautiful position and the presences of historic monuments such the 13th-century Dabra Sina church and Maryam Gimp, the town of Gorgora is relatively recent and has not yet exploited its significant touristic potential. Infact the town has grown a little since the Italian occupation. The company, established by the Italian Buschi,Kept running the port facilities and what is now the Gorgora port Hotel until their nationalisation in the mid-1970s .Gorgora area, on the contrary, boasts a longer and much more glorious history dating back to the foundation of the Dabra Sina Church and Mandaba Monastery in the 14th century and the establishment of Maryam Gimp by Emperor Susenyous and the Jesuits in the 17th century.

Debra Sina Church

Debra Sina Church was founded during the reign of Emperor Amda seyon (1314-44) by himself or by AbuneTomas Tradition says that Amda Seyon had the church built after he had defeated the four bandits who were terrorizing the area it also says that the church builders went Zage peninsula to buy the twelve wooden poles now surrounding the maqdas, but when they came back after having managed to buy only eleven them, they realized that the twelfth had followed them a cross the lake. The first and still sole tabot is dedicated to St. Mary, while the church bears the name of Mount Sinai. According to local history,the church building is original and apart from the roof, well plastering   and other minor interventions,

Mandaba monastery

According to local history, The church was founded in 1320 or 1321, during the reign of Emperor Amda seyon , by Abuna yasay ,who came from Northern shewa (see Birgida Island) since its establishment, the church has been dedicated to Medhane Alem (the saviour of the world). Tradition says that the name Mandaba was given to the monastery because Abuna Yasay came to the island transported by a stone tanqwa and the local people were so impressed that they called him man ende Abba (nobody can do like Abba). The stone tanqwa, with its gifgif (see Bahir Dar, Wayto community), can be seen inside the church compound, near the northern door. In the 17th century, local tradition says, Emperor Fasiladas had the maqdas and qiddest rebuilt to enlarge the church, and since then only the outer wall and the roof changed. A spiritual force would have hindered Ahmad “the Gragn” from destroying the church .today, the monastery hosts 62 monks and priests.

Gondar, important places to discover-Stay to visit Gonder, the ancient capital city of Ethiopia in the 16th century.

The city lies on a flat ridge of mountains located between the Angareb and Qaha Rivers valleys and includes peaks up to 3,000 m above sea level, which decline Southwards to Lake Tana. At a distance by air of about 30 km. its position makes the city a strategic and healthy place. Not affected by malaria. Emperor Fasiladas certainly took that fact into account when he decided to establish this new capital. He was the first to build his palace here, followed by his successors in the 17th and 18th centuries. The outcome is an extraordinary historic complex that, since then, has been enchanting travelers and visitors with its fabulous beauty and the UNESCO included in the world Heritage List in 1979.

The Name

The Name Gondar would come from guang dara, a world that in the language of the Kemant-an Agaw community living north of Lake Tana and west of Takaze River-means’ between two rivers’, the Angareb and Qaha in another story of the name, Gonder originates from the Amharic expression bagon adar, ‘one should reside beside the other’. The sentence pronounces by the community elders to settle a dispute between Wayne and Sayne.

Climate

Gondar’s climate is conditioned by its 2,200 m altitude, with monthly average temperatures that rarely exceed 22 degrees Celsius during the hottest season of the year, which is between March-May. The main rainy season is between June and September, with peak rainfall in July and August. The latter is also the coldest month of the year, with average temperatures around 16 degrees Celsius.

Castle of Fasiladas

This outstanding testimony of 17th and 18th-century Ethiopian history was the residence of the founder of Gondar. Emperor fasiladas and his successors. It ranks first among the most important sites of the region for the impressiveness of its imperial architecture, which was included in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1979.with the official name of fasil Ghebbi.

On-site

The royal compound in enclosed by a stone wall over 870 m long, only part of which is original. The twelve doors opening in to were given evocative names and were sometimes changed during the century. The enclosure designates the compound in the 18th-century royal chronicles. The building of the defensive enclosure world has started under Emperor Fasiladas and taken the present configuration during the reign of Emperor Iyasu II. Big stone crosses once stood on the top of the towers adjacent to the wall, as reported by French doctor Jacques poncet , who visited the site in 1699,Bruce, in the second half of the 18th century, highlights the fact that the compound was encompassed by a substantial stone wall thirty feet high, with battlements upon the outer wall, and a parapet roof   between the outer and inner’ which made the top of the wall, accessible, thus allowing him to ‘go along the whole and look in the street ‘ A walkable tract of the wall between the places of Mentewab and house of the Chief of the Cavalry remains at the northern end of the compound,

History

An ancient royal chronicle of the reign of Fasildas says that the emperor ordered the building of this castle in 1635-36 at the beginning of his reign, which lasted from 1632 to 1667, just after he had chosen Gonder as the new capital of the empire. The construction works were completed at least by 1648 when the Yemenite ambassador Al-Hasan Ibn Ahmed Haymi entered the town and was impressed by what he described as a high building among the most wonderful of splendid construction and the most beautiful of glorious marvels built of stone and lime. The Castle of fasiladas is with no doubt the most astonishing expression of Gondarine architectural style that, in fact, the visit to the Fasil Ghebbi continues beyond the Balderas ber exit, because it is only from the road outside the compound that the churches insides it can be reached.

Jan Tekel Addababay

A perfect starting point for a visit to the southern quarters of the city, the area is located opposite the entrance to the fasil Ghebbi as well as what was once its main gate, the jan Tekel Ber. The square par excellence in Imperial Gonder, it is functioning as a public garden ensures continuity with the past. This was also the place where religions functions and praying ceremonies were held, as, for instance, when a fragment of the Holy Wood of the Cross was exposed in the royal oratory tent pitched in the square in addition to the opportunity for a pleasant rest under the shadow of the historic tree.

Debra Berhan Selassie church

The magnificence of the paintings of what has been nicknamed the Sistine Chapel of Ethiopia makes visiting this church definitely w worthwhile cultural and visual experiences. One can admire the painted walls and also stand under the eyes of the cherubs starting from the famous ceiling, a particularly affecting experience, given the special powers that Ethiopian tradition and art attribute to eyes. The church had stone walls so skillfully built that they looked like a diamond, 12 doors, and a thatched roof surmounted by a golden cross with seven spheres the size of an ostrich egg Most interestingly, we know from the same source that the church measured 100 cubits from east to west and from north to south, and it was circular in plan, not rectangular as the present building’s southern and northern sides are with the utmost probability, the external foundations of the original church.

Bath of fasilada

The places are traditionally associated with the name of Emperor Fasildas, though precise historical evidence of its establishment is lacking, we know for sure that it was already in existence in 1699 when the French doctor poncet described it as a palace near Gonder, where there is magnificent water wasn’ and where the emperor goes with all his court to celebrate Epiphany. The attribution to Fasiladas is plausible, since already his father, Emperor susenyos , had a pavilion built at the center of a water pool in Ganata Iyasus, near the present Azazo, in 1625. The bath of Fasiladas pool is kept empty the year-round, except for the extraordinary joyful exception of timkat, The Epiphany. During the 17th century, emperors came here to celebrate, and that perhaps explains the building of this pavilion .one of the most important religious holidays in Ethiopia, Timkat commemorates the baptism of Christ in the Jordan River and is held on 11 Tire in the Ethiopian calendar, a date that time, the pool is filled with the water supplied by the nearly Qaha River. On the eve of the holiday, the tabots of seven Gondar churches are carried here in seven simultaneous processions, on top of priests heads. After they reach the pool, priests say a prayer all night long to bless its water, into which the next morning the patriarch plunges a cross to baptize it, as Jesus was baptized in the Jordan. Blessed water is then sprayed on the worshippers, who can then touch the water and even jump into it. The tabots are brought back to their churches on the 2nd and 3rd day after the baptism of the cross. A replica of the palace stands in the Mostra D’Oltremare complex in Naples, Italy, since1940.

Qusquam  

Empress Mentewab founded this citadel in the 1730s and made it an architectonic reflection of her famous beauty. She personally supervised the project design and chose many of the exquisite interior decoration of the buildings of this large complex which include the church of Dabra Tsahay (currently known also as Qusquam Maryam) a castle functioning as a residence, a sumptuous address, or banqueting hall, The site is called after the Egyptian town of koskam, where, according to Christian tradition, the Holy family rested during the flight into Egypt. Mentewab established Qusquam a few years after her husband, Emperor Bakaffa, had passed away in 1730 and the throne was given, the same year, to her 7-year old,Iyasu II. It was only from June 1771, however, that the empress chose it as a permanent residence after the defeat of Ras Mikael had put an end to her short exile from Gondar .she made Qusquam the center of her political and religious power, and the decisiveness and intimacy of her relationship with the place emerge from the beginning, when she wanted her and her son’s graves to be built inside the church .she also wanted the site to be a stronghold, and for this purpose had it encircled by a big wall built with lime and provided with towers. The Scottish explorer James Bruce lived for some time at qusquam court in 1771 and tells us how lively the area was, with the outer precinct ‘all occupied by soldiers, laborers, and outdoor servants’ ‘principal officers, priests, and servants’ living in the church’s enclosure,’ ‘noble women ‘ sharing the empress’ premises, and ‘houses of people of quality ‘, usually a member of the royal family, behind the place, higher up the hill’ Qusquams decline began most probably after the death of empress Mentewab in the first half of the 1770s and was hastened by the pillage of the church’s treasure by the army of Emperor Tewodros IIin the 1860s. It was an already ruined landscape that the late -19th –century European travelers described after visiting the site. Nowadays, silence usually reigns in this almost –deserted place, except for the students of the local religious school living in the tiny huts scattered to the south of the external wall that is visible just before the entrance gate.

Wolleka –The Falasha village

The Name designates the Ethiopian Jews, who often reject the term ‘’Falasha” traditionally given to them by the Christians because if it’s pejorative meaning. The name is said to derive from the condition of exile caused by the deprivation of the right to inherit farming and during the reign of Emperor Yeshaq I( 1414-30) during the reign of Yohannes I. the jews were affected by the same discriminatory provision enacted against the Muslims. In fact, when the Scottish explorer James Bruce arrived in Gonder in 1770, he found that their village was scattered in the town’s surrounding Among those villages there most probably was wolleka.

Located about 4km north of the city center, on the road to Semien mountains and Aksum, the village of wolleka owes its fame to the Ethiopian Jews-known as Falashas –but more correctly referred to as Beta Israel. The fame of the village remains today, but the Ethiopian Jews lift for Israel in 1991 and since then have been replaced by Christians. This was one of the several Beta Israel villages scattered around Gonder because social and religious discrimination historically prevented the Jewish people from living in the city. The name walleka, in fact, derives from the Amharic wolek (to stay away), and local tradition says that such was the answer given by Emperor Fasiladas to the Jewish masons when, after completing the construction of his castle in Gondar, they asked him where they could settle. With the massive airlifts organized by the Israeli government during the 1984-85 drought and then in 1991, Wolleka dwellers left behind their rural houses, the graves of their ancestors, and a handicraft tradition that has pottery as its most famous output. Taking advantage of the local availability of clay soil, in fact, the local Christian dwellers have taken over the making of pots, bowls. Jars, candle holders, and figurines, all on display on stands and in workshops along the road, together with textiles, calabash containers, and baskets. Figurines are particularly noteworthy and have acquired increasing popularity outside Ethiopia. Despite their ancient-looking style, historians have found their origin in wolleka in the 1960s, when local Ethiopian Jewish women engaged themselves in the production of small clay dolls, initially modeled on pictures of prehistoric figurines or inspired by everyday life, and later depicting rabbis with scrolls, the lion of Judah, and other elements of the Ethiopian Jewish tradition.

Gorgora

This very small and quiet lakeside town cannot compete with Bahirdar for importance or dimension but possesses a much more intimate appeal. Moreover. It is the natural gateway to northern coasts and islands of Lake Tana, places rich with art and history where Emperor Susenyos established his first capital, and magnificent churches were built between the 13th and 17th centuries. Despite its beautiful position and the presence of historic monuments such as the 13th-century Dabra Sina church and Maryam Gimp, the town of Gorgora is relatively recent and has not yet exploited its significant touristic potential. In fact, the town has grown a little since the Italian occupation. The company, established by the Italian Buschi, Kept running the port facilities and what is now the Gorgora port Hotel until their nationalization in the mid-1970s.Gorgora area, on the contrary, boasts a longer and much more glorious history dating back to the foundation of the Dabra Sina Church and Mandaba Monastery in the 14th century and the establishment of Maryam Gimp by Emperor Susenyous and the Jesuits in the 17th century.

Debra Sina Church

Debra Sina Church was founded during the reign of Emperor Amda seyon (1314-44) by himself or by AbuneTomas Tradition says that Amda Seyon had the church built after he had defeated the four bandits who were terrorizing the area it also says that the church builders went Zage peninsula to buy the twelve wooden poles now surrounding the maqdas, but when they came back after having managed to buy only eleven them, they realized that the twelfth had followed them across the lake. The first and still sole tabot is dedicated to St. Mary, while the church bears the name of Mount Sinai. According to local history, the church building is original, and apart from the roof, well plastering, and other minor interventions,

Mandaba monastery

According to local history, The church was founded in 1320 or 1321, during the reign of Emperor Amda seyon , by Abuna yasay , who came from Northern shewa (see Birgida Island) since its establishment, the church has been dedicated to Medhane Alem (the savior of the world). Tradition says that the name Mandaba was given to the monastery because Abuna Yasay came to the island transported by a stone tanqwa and the local people were so impressed that they called him man ende Abba (nobody can do like Abba). The stone tanqwa, with its gifgif (see Bahir Dar, Wayto community), can be seen inside the church compound, near the northern door. In the 17th century, local tradition says, Emperor Fasiladas had the maqdas and qiddest rebuilt to enlarge the church, and since then only the outer wall and the roof changed. A spiritual force would have hindered Ahmad “the Gragn” from destroying the church .today, the monastery hosts 62 monks and priests.

   Description,Itinéraire,Prestations/Conditions de services

1-Description

Direction du circuit : Nord du l’Ethiopie
Durée du voyage : 10 jours /9 Nuits.(depuis l’arrivée a Addis Abeba)
Titre du Circuit : La découverte de l’ancien territoire des royaumes de l’Abyssinie
Date du voyage : Fin de l’année 2020 ET début de l’année 2021
Nombre de personne: En groupe jusqu’ a 16 Participants.
Type d’hébergement/Hôtel : Des hôtels /Lodge de Charme (***)
Type de véhicule : Un mini Bus climatisée de très bonnes qualités
Guide accompagnateur de voyage : FRANCOPHONE/ANGLOPHONE OU D AUTRE LANGUE SELON VOTRE DEMANDE

2-Itinéraire:Circuit apres COVOID-19/voyage culturel-Fin de 2020 et 2021-En petit groupe privatif dans la partie NORD de l Ethiopie-Lac Tana-Gondar-Axum-Lalibela.

Envol International par Ethiopian Airlines

Jour-1 Addis Abeba (2355m): Arrivée à Addis –Début de notre service :

Le matin, accueille par le représentant de l’agence réceptif de voyage TON REVE TOUR AND TRAVEL AGENCY P.L.C et par votre guide francophone puis transfert vers l’hôtel pour récupérer les chambres. Départ de l hotel à 10.00H pour visiter les sites dans la capitale d Addis Abeba. Panorama de la ville d Addis Abeba sur le Mt Entoto a 2900M d’altitude. Visite du Palais de Ménélik I, visite du musée national ou se trouve Lucy. Déjeuner dans un restaurant en ville puis continuation en bus pour visiter les monuments importants et les anciens quartiers d Addis Abeba.(le nouveau et l’ancien bâtiment de l’Union Africaine/monument de Ménélik II fondateur d Addis/ l ancien gare Djibouto-Ethiopien/le stade national etc.…). Retours a l hotel.
Diner et Nuit à l hotel équivalent a *** ou **** (Repas de midi/Diner)

Au musée national, on peut y admirer des vestiges préhistoriques et des fossiles dont les originales des squelettes de l’Australopithèque Afarensis nommés Lucy et Ardi sont découvert en 1974.Addis Abeba est la capitale de l’Ethiopie et culmine à plus de 2'400 mètres d’altitude ce qui fait d’elle, la capitale la plus élevée d’Afrique

Jour 2:Addis Abeba(2355m)-BahirDar(1800m

Le matin, départ pour visiter les chutes du Nil bleu. Retour à Bahir Dar pour le déjeuner au bord du lac TANA. L’après-midi, excursion en bateau sur le lac Tana pour visiter 2 anciens monastères du 14e siècle situé sur la péninsule de Zegue.(monastères)Retours à Bahirdar vers la fin de l’après-midi.
Diner et Nuit à l hotel équivalent a *** ou **** (Repas de midi/Diner)

La ville de Bahir Dar qui est située au pied du lac Tana est la capitale de la région d’Amhara située à 563km d’Addis Abeba.Le Lac Tana est la plus vaste étendue d’eau d’Ethiopie qui est une véritable mer intérieur couvrant 90 km du Nord au Sud et 40km de L’est a L’ouest. Ses trente septes iles ou les moines se sont retirés loin du monde plus de sept siècle, accueille une vingtaine d’églises et de monastères. Les monastères d Ura Kidane Merehert et d Azoua Mariam sont les plus importants sanctuaires du Lac Tana célèbrent sur leur peintures du 18eme au 20eme siècle

Jour 3-Bahirdar(1800m)– Gonder(2133m)  : de 3 à 4 heures de route asphalte.

Départ le matin vers Gonder, (route asphalte de 3 h30min à 4 h) arrive à Gonder, repas traditionnel dans un restaurant local. L’après-midi, continuation de la visite des châteaux impériaux et de l’église de Debrebirhan Selassie église du 17e siècle.
Diner et Nuit à l hotel équivalent a *** (Petit dejeuner/Repas de midi/Diner)

Gondar, ville impériale avec ses châteaux du XVIIème siècle, a été fondée par l'empereur Faciladas en 1635. La ville-forteresse fonctionna comme centre du gouvernement éthiopien jusqu’en 1864. Elle abrite une vingtaine de palais, des bâtiments royaux, des églises richement décorées, des monastères et des bâtiments publics et privés uniques, transformés par le style baroque introduit à Gondar par les missionnaires jésuites. Ses châteaux, ses palais et ses églises représentent la capitale de l’empire abyssin du XVIIe au XIXe

Jour 4 : Gonder (2133m) -Park National de Semein-(3200m)- :2 à 3 heures de route.

Départ vers le Parc National de SEIMEN en s’arrêtant au village des Fellashas pour visiter. Déjeuner sous forme de Pic Nick dans le Park. Randonné de 1h30 min dans le parc national. Nous s arrêterons sur les points de vue pour apercevoir les montagnes volcaniques et les Baboins de Gelada.
Diner et Nuit dans un Lodge equivalent a ***. (Petit déjeuner/Repas de Midi/Diner)

Le Parc National de Simien a été créé en 1969 afin de protéger les espèces endémiques de la région. Vous trouverez une grande diversité de paysages de pics, d’étroites vallées et de plateaux tabulaires surplombant des gorges vertigineuses. Le parc est le refuge d'animaux rares, comme le babouin gelada, le renard du Simien ou Walia ibex, sorte de chèvre qu'on ne trouve nulle part ailleurs

Jour 5–Parc de Semein(3200m)-Axum(2130m): : 6 a 7 heures de route majoritairement asphalte.

Route vers la direction d Axum. 40Km de la route est en court de construction. Paysage Splendide. Arrivée à Axum, Installation à l’hôtel. 
Diner et Nuit à l hotel équivalent a *** (Petit déjeuner/Repas de midi/Diner)

La ville d Axoum est le berceau d’une des importantes civilisations de l’histoires éthiopienne, qui rivalisa en son temps avec les grands empires de l’époque jusqu’ au 7eme siècle de notre ère. Daté du 5eme siècle Avant notre ère, le bâtiment du Temple de Yeha pourrait être, selon certains experts, de trois siècles plus anciens et aurait été dédié au dieu Sabéen Amahak

Jour 6 -Axum (2130m): -Adigrat(2460m) : 4 à 5 heures de route asphalte.

Le matin, après le petit déjeuner, visite archéologique à Axoum. Visite des obélisques, des tombes, une inscription en pierre, le palais de la reine de Saba et l’église de St Marie de Tsion (Église où les vraies arches d'Alliance, TABOTE, existent .L’après-midi, départ vers la direction d Adigrat .Arrêt pour visiter un temple du 5e siècle A.J.C (Temple de Yeha). Continuation de route vers Adigrat.
Diner et Nuit à l hotel/lodge équivalent a *** (Petit déjeuner/Repas de midi/Diner)

Jour 7 :Adigrat(2460m) –Mekelle(2085m): : 4 à 5 heures de route.

Le matin, visite d’une ferme traditionnelle de Tigré et d’une église semi monolithique du 4e siècle – (l’église d’Abreha et Astebeha) Repas dans un restaurant local ou pique-nique sur la route. L’après-midi visite de l’église de Tcherkos (4e siècle aussi) et route vers Mekele. Mekele est une grande ville qui est la capitale et centre commercial de la région du Tigre.
Diner et Nuit à l hotel équivalent a *** (Petit déjeuner/Repas de midi/Diner)

Presque entièrement excavée dans une façade rocheuse à 17km du village de Wukro, cette église semi-monolithique fait l’objet d’un des plus importants pèlerinages éthiopiens de 14 octobre de chaque année. Abreha we Atsbeha est à la fois une des églises monolithique les plus anciennes et des plus vastes du Gheralta : mesurant 21 m. de large, 16 en profondeur et 6 de hauteur, elle présente 13 piliers cruciformes, un magnifique plafond sculpté d’une frise au motif de croix ainsi que de belle fresques d’exécution plus récentes

Jour 8 –Vendredi 4 Janvier,2018 : Mekele(2085m): -Lalibela(2630m): : 6 à 7 heures de route majoritairement asphalte

Départ vers Lalibela. (Route asphalte de 6 à 7 heures). Repas dans un restaurant à Weldeya ou Pique-nique sur la route. Arrivée à Lalibela, installation a l’hôtel.
Diner et Nuit à l hotel équivalent a *** (Petit déjeuner/Repas de midi/Diner)

La ville de Lalibela, souvent surnommée la Jérusalem Noire se trouve a 700km d Addis Abeba. Elle fut la capitale de la dynastie des Zagwe entre le Xème et le XIIIème siècle. D abord connue sous le nom de Roha, elle rebaptisée parle célèbre roi Lalibela (1205-1225), qui lui donna son nom et entreprit la construction des onze églises rupestres maintenant classées au patrimoine mondiale de l humanité. Les églises réunies en 2 groupes distincts.

Jour 9–Lalibela(2630m)

Matin, visite la 1re partie des églises rupestres de Lalibela. L’églises de Bete Medhanialem, Bete Maskal, Bete Mariam, Bete Denagel, Bete Golgota et Bete Senai). Visite du marché local à Lalibela .Apres le repas dans un restaurant en ville, préparation de la cérémonie du café.(Bonne occasion d’apprécier un bon café Ethiopien préparer traditionnellement). L’après-midi continuation du visite de la 2eme partie des églises ( Bete Guebriel et Raphael, Bete Merkorios, Bete Emmanuel, Bete Aba Libanos,Bete Giorgis).
Diner et Nuit à l hotel équivalent a *** (Petit déjeuner/Repas de midi/Diner)

A Lalibela, vous y trouverez onze églises monumentales d’une grande diversité architecturale, entièrement sculptée dans la roche volcanique près d’un village traditionnel aux maisons rondes. Lalibela est un haut lieu du christianisme éthiopien, lieu de pèlerinage et de dévotions
Le café est traditionnellement omniprésent dans le quotidien éthiopien, tant à la campagne qu’à la ville. Symbole de l’hospitalité, le café est dégusté en famille, entre amis, ou pour honorer un étranger, selon un cérémonial orchestré par les femmes

Jour 10- Lalibela (2630m): -Addis(2355m): (VOL le matin)

Vol le matin vers Addis. Déjeuner dans un restaurant Italien ou Grec en ville. L'après-midi, visite du musée Ethnographique et d'une coopérative de tissage. Dîner dans un restaurant en ville. Bonne occasion de voir les danses folkloriques de différentes régions du pays. Départ vers l'aéroport pour le vol international de retours vers Paris par Ethiopian Airlines.. Fin du Programme
(Petit déjeuner/Repas de Midi/Diner)
L’existence des « shammanés », les tisserands éthiopiens, remonte à plusieurs siècles avant que la technique du tissage ne s’améliore au cours du Moyen-âge. Cette tradition s’est répandue dans l’ensemble du pays, mais diffère selon les régions. La diversité de l’Éthiopie, qui compte plus de 80 ethnies, se répercute dans la mode et enrichit les sources d’inspiration des designers
                                  
3-Conditions de Service.

3.1-Prix APPROXIMATIVE du voyage :

Prix Global du voyage/PARTICIPANT:--------A PARTIR DE 1895.00$(DOLLARS)
-NOTE:LE PRIX QUI EST INDIQUER EST UNE QUOTATION APPROXIMATIVE.

3.3-
prix du voyage comprend :
*L’hébergement : Hôtels /Lodges de Charme/Hôtel à 3 étoiles.
*Les repas en pension complets (Full Bord):Du jour 1(depuis l’arrivée à Addis) au Jour 10
Petit déjeuner : complet :

Repas du midi : Complet : Entré, plat principal dessert, une tasse de café/thés avec une boisson sans alcool.
Diner : Complet : Entrée, plat principal dessert, un tasse de café ou thés avec une boisson sans alcool.
*Une bouteille d’un litre d’eau (par personne par jour) pour la journée (Disponible dans le Mini Bus)
*Toutes les frais d’entrées et guide locaux, scouts, excursion de bateau pour et les visites comme indiquées du jour 1 au jour 10.
*Type de véhicule  un mini bus de 12 personnes en très bonne état Du jour 1 au Dernier Jours
*Tous les transferts depuis et vers l’hôtel et Un chauffeur professionnel du Jour 1 au jour 10.
-Un guide national professionnel et Francophone du Jour 1 au Jour 10.

3.4-Le prix du voyage ne comprend pas:
-Les pourboires du guide/accompagnateur francophone, des chauffeurs et des personnes qui donneront les services nécessaires pendant le voyage.
-Les prix des vols internationaux (NOUS CONSEILLONS DE PRENDRE LA COMPAGNIE ETHIOPIAN AIRLINES)
-Les Vols Domestiques.(A nous informer la compagnie aérienne que vous preniez pour les vols A/R internationaux.
-Les dépenses personnelles.
-l’assurance de Voyage 
-Le visa pour le voyage
-Tout ce qui n’est pas indiqué sur la partie «Le prix comprend ».

 

TON REVE TOUR AND TRAVEL PLC

Near to Bole 17 health Center, (ATZ building 5th Floor 505)

(+251) 937 79 28 30

(+251) 911 99 64 43

Business License No: BL/AA/14/673/603368/2009

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Petit Futé

TON RÊVE TOUR AND TRAVEL

Ton Rêve Tour and Travel est une agence de voyage (tour-opérateur) basée à Addis Abeba, qui a été créée par deux frères francophones, anciens élèves du Lycée Franco-Ethiopien d’Addis Abeba, read more...

we accespt visa cards

frendeites